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"The "Johnny Depp Effect" - An evolutionary explanation for homosexuality"

31.07.11

 

 

Overly simplified, this "tipping-point" model (originally introduced by G. E. Hutchinson in 1959, and then later popularized by Jim McKnight in 1997 and Edward Miller in 2000) posits that genes associated with homosexuality confer fitness benefits in their heterosexual carriers. If only a few of these alleles are inherited, a males' reproductive success is enhanced via the expression of attractive, albeit feminine traits, such as kindness, sensitivity, empathy, and tenderness. However, if many of these alleles are inherited, a "tipping point" is reached at which even mate preferences become "feminized," meaning males are attracted to other males. In explaining this model, Miller asked readers to imagine a genetic system in which there are five different genes that place an individual along a masculine-feminine continuum. Each of the five genes has two alleles, one that pulls the individual to the masculine side and one that pulls to the feminine side. If a man inherited all of the feminine-pulling alleles (of which he has a 3.125% chance: .55), he will become homosexual. If he inherited less than all five of the feminine-pulling alleles, however, he would not be homosexual. Although originally proposed in simple form in 1959, this model was finally empirically tested in 2008 and 2009.

Behavioral geneticists at the Queensland Institute of Medical Research lead by Brendan Zietsch (joined by sexual orientation expert Michael Bailey and evolutionary geneticist Matthew Keller) found that psychological femininity in heterosexual men elevated the number of opposite-sex sexual partners, suggesting that their femininity was often attractive to women (think Johnny Depp). In addition, these researchers and those at Abo Akedemi University in Finland (lead by Pekka Santtila) independently predicted that if the "tipping point" model was correct, then heterosexual men with a homosexual twin should have more of the attractive feminine-pulling alleles and thus more opposite-sex sexual partners than members of heterosexual twin pairs. 

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"Did warfare fuel the birth of advanced civilization?"

31.07.11

 

"This study is part of a larger, worldwide comparative research effort to define the factors that gave rise to the first societies that developed public buildings, widespread religions and regional political systems — or basically characteristics associated with ancient states or what is colloquially known as 'civilization.' War, regional trade and specialized labor are the three factors that keep coming up as predecessors to civilization." 

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Henry Newbolt - "The Playing Fields"

30.07.11

There’s a breathless hush in the Close tonight—
Ten to make and the match to win—
A bumping pitch and a blinding light,
An hour to play and the last man in.
And it’s not for the sake of a ribboned coat,
Or the selfish hope of a season’s fame,
But his captain’s hand on his shoulder smote
“Play up! Play up! And play the game!”


The sand of the desert is sodden red,
Red with the wreck of a square that broke;
The gatling’s jammed and the colonel dead
And the regiment blind with dust and smoke.
The river of death has brimmed his banks,
And England’s far, and Honor a name,
But the voice of a schoolboy rallies the ranks,
“Play up! Play up! And play the game!”


This is the word that year by year
While in her place the school is set
Every one of her sons must hear,
And none that hears it dare forget.
This they all with a joyful mind
Bear through life like a torch in flame,
And falling fling to the host behind—
“Play up! Play up! And play the game!”

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"there will come soft rains,"

30.07.11

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"Dreams are like water..."

30.07.11

 

 "Another researcher tells a similar story in the film. While spending the better part of a week working in the cave studying a series of images of lions, “every night I was dreaming of lions,” he tells us. “And every day was the same shock for me. It was an emotional shock. I mean, I am a scientist, but a human too.  And after five days I decided not to go back in the cave because I needed time just to relax and take time to absorb it.”

“And you dreamed not of paintings of lions but of real lions?” Herzog’s voice interjects into the film. “Of both!” the young archaeologist replies. “Of both, definitely.”

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Mental farts of the very young

30.07.11

 

 

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A moment of collective brilliance

30.07.11

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"Don't play the result."

30.07.11

"You know, there's a rule in acting called 'Don't play the result.' If you have a character who's going to end up in a certain place, don't play that until you get there. Play each scene and each beat as it comes. And that's what you do in your life: You don't play the result. So you get diagnosed with Parkinson's, and you can play the result. You can go right to, 'Oh, I'm sick.' It took me seven years to figure out that I'm not at the result. I'm not at the result till the end. So let's not play it. It's not written yet. And so that's the attitude I take in life. Another expression is 'Act as if. Act as if it's the way you want it to be, and it'll eventually morph into that."

Michael J. Fox

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"Halfsleeper"

30.07.11

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"I simply must make a baby with her"*

30.07.11

 

* - Comentário no Youtube.

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